By Donovan Levine
The conflict in the Kashmir region is a modern affair that should not be ignored given the international politics involved, as well as the threat of a nuclear war that would affect billions of people without exaggeration.
The Kashmir region is an area of land shared by Pakistan, China and India in Central Asia and home to K2, one of the tallest mountains in the world. Kashmir is one of the largest sources of natural resources and crop harvesting in Asia.
Currently, the governments of Pakistan and India are in dispute over this region as they attempt to re-draw borders and force Muslim women under Hindu law. This caused thousands of Pakistani protestors to gather and fight Indian control, resulting in political unrest with no resemblance of a return to normal life in sight.
“India’s government scrapped Article 370 and 35A of its constitution,” reported “TRTWorld.” “The Article protected Kashmir’s sovereignty by ensuring Indians outside the state would not be able to permanently settle or buy land in the region.”
By revoking Kashmir’s autonomy on Aug. 4, Kashmir went into lockdown and able, of-age men were selected by the army to house the local security forces, often without choice.
“The Independent” reported, “Migrant workers from the rest of India started to leave—fearing a violent uprising.”
“The Independent” interviewed Raja Begum, a woman from Srinagar, a massive city in Jammu and Kashmir. With a tearful response, she described the current situation from what she experienced: “We heard banging on the door, one civilian entered and an army man. My daughter-in-law (Shazada Bano) called and informed the army is here. We opened the door and gave entry to the army men. I was still in the room and asked my husband to wake up as the army has cordoned off the house. I thought I would go to them and beg them not to take my son as he is my main support to my disabled daughters.”
Natives of Pakistan, such as Irfan Balouch, have argued that these actions were taken due to Hindu nationalism and that the Muslim women being taken in for marriage by Hindu men now buying land in the region are being trafficked and sold as sex slaves.
But the bigger issue is the threat of war looming over the conflict. War is the most dangerous thing that could happen, given that India has the fifth largest army and third highest military budget in the world according to “OurWorldInData.” Both Pakistan and India have access to nuclear weapons, and this conflict in Kashmir, which has gone on for centuries even since Britain started controlling the area in 1847, only escalates the situation. Both countries have recorded four wars waged against each other since 1947 when both countries gained independence from Britain, and both of them may be well on their way toward a fifth.
Action has not been taken by the U.N. yet. However, there was a council meeting held in April of this year, before the autonomy had even been revoked, where a U.N. Human Rights delegate broke down in tears while reading a report of alleged human rights violations in Kashmir. The U.N. has not ignored it. They’re only treading lightly.